Ana Soto

Full Interview of Drs. Ana Soto & Carlos Sonnenschein (Duration 67:11)

General Contents and Links to Video Segments

Title Duration
Part 1 – Introduction to Research 10:27
Part 2 – BPA 8:54
Part 3 – Endocrine Disruptors 14:52
Part 4 – Environmental Regulation I 13:09
Part 5 – Environmental Regulation II 14:27
Part 6 – Five Favorites 11:34
Full Interview 67:11

Quotations

“We are acting in a reactive way. It seems that we are catching up with the consequences of our poorly thought actions. In other words, we release chemicals into the environment, and then we find out that they produce unexpected effects. . . .”

“[P]iecemeal solutions are not good. That is why I’m saying [we] need ethicists, lawyers, and chemists . . . to think very profoundly about how we are going to save the world for our children so that they don’t have the problems that we are seeing . . . : altered reproduction, autism, all these things that have been linked to environmental causes . . . obesity, diabetes. So, I think that what is at stake is too big. . . . If we do not reproduce we will go extinct. It is the destiny of ninety percent of the species that ever existed. We would like to accelerate that?”

Specific Contents and Links to Video Segments

Part 1 – Introduction to Research (10:27)

  1. Describe your work before you began studying environmental toxins. 0:40
  2. What caused you to shift the focus of your research? 02:35
  3. Please say more about the unexpected results in your lab and how you responded. 4:25
  4. Without the manufacturer’s assistance, how did you discover what the contaminant was? 6:25
  5. What is the contaminant, and how is it used? 7:55

Part 2 – BPA (8:54)

  1. Describe why you changed your focus to BPA. 9:55
  2. What was the original purpose of BPA? 12:25
  3. Where do humans come into contact with these BPA-laden plastics? 13:45
  4. Do you think the public fully appreciates the magnitude of this problem? 15:50

Part 3 – Endocrine Disruptors (14:52)

  1. What are endocrine disruptors and what effects do they have? 17:35
  2. Are all endocrine disruptors estrogenic? 19:10
  3. How do you determine if a compound is an endocrine disruptor? 20:20
  4. How did scientists first discover the endocrine-disrupting effects of synthetic estrogens? 21:05
  5. Describe the research on endocrine disruptors since then? 22:20
  6. Can you say more about the DES experience and the lessons learned from it? 24:00
  7. What might experiments on rodents teach us about the risks of endocrine disruptors for humans? 27:20
  8. What other risks have scientists attributed to BPA? 29:25

Part 4 – Chemical Regulation I (13:09)

  1. How would you describe the U.S. system of chemical regulation? 31:10
  2. Please describe the “precautionary principle” used in some other countries. 32:40
  3. What is the biggest difference between our regulatory approach and one based on the precautionary principle? 36:25
  4. Why has the U.S. government not caught up with science and employed the precautionary principle? 37:20
  5. What role is the public playing in this issue? 38:50
  6. Are there are any public actors who are making a difference? 40:45
  7. We have made some progress, right? 41:30

Part 5 – Chemical Regulation II (14:27)

  1. How can a consumer live safely in a toxic environment? 43:06
  2. Can you give me an example of a specific regulation that you would like to see enacted? 46:10
  3. Do we need to change our regulatory mindset in this country? 46:45
  4. What do you mean by the “white paper” approach to regulating chemical? 50:10
  5. What is green chemistry? 52:40
  6. What are the impediments to effective regulation, and how is that we overcome them? 53:25

Part 6 – Five Favorites (11:34)

Carlos Sonnenschein:

  1. What mentor had the greatest influence on your work? 56:30
  2. What do you consider to be the best wide-audience book, article, or movie related to your field? 57:30
  3. What do you consider to be the most important academic book or article? 57:25
  4. Which of your scholarly publications would you recommend to viewers? 59:00
  5. Which activist or community organization do you most admire? 59:40

Ana Soto:

  1. What are the impediments to effective regulation, and how is that we overcome them? 61:10
  2. What do you consider to be the best wide-audience book, article, or movie related to your field? 61:40
  3. What do you consider to be the most important academic book or article? 62:30
  4. Which of your scholarly publications would you recommend to viewers? 63:50
  5. Which activist or community organization do you most admire? 64:15
Ana Soto

Ana Soto, MD, Professor, Sackler School of Graduate Biomedical Sciences and Cell Molecular & Developmental Biology Program at Tufts University

Bio

Dr. Soto heads up the Soto Lab at Tufts University School of Medicine, where she is Professor of Anatomy and Cellular Biology.

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Five Favorites

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